# value+derived

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**sentimental value**— noun The personal value of an object, derived from the personal memories associated with it …42

**present value**— discounted value The result arrived at in a discounted cash flow calculation by multiplying a projected annual cash flow figure by a discount factor derived from a hurdle rate of interest and a time period …43

**present value**— discounted value The result arrived at in a discounted cash flow calculation by multiplying a projected annual cash flow figure by a discount factor derived from a hurdle rate of interest and a time period …44

**cosmos**— /koz meuhs, mohs/, n., pl. cosmos, cosmoses for 2, 4. 1. the world or universe regarded as an orderly, harmonious system. 2. a complete, orderly, harmonious system. 3. order; harmony. 4. any composite plant of the genus Cosmos, of tropical… …45

**Marginalism**— Economics …46

**Kalman filter**— Roles of the variables in the Kalman filter. (Larger image here) In statistics, the Kalman filter is a mathematical method named after Rudolf E. Kálmán. Its purpose is to use measurements observed over time, containing noise (random variations)… …47

**Marginal utility**— In economics, the marginal utility of a good or service is the utility gained (or lost) from an increase (or decrease) in the consumption of that good or service. Economists sometimes speak of a law of diminishing marginal utility, meaning that… …48

**pH**— For other uses, see PH (disambiguation). Acids and Bases Acid dissociation constant Acid base extraction Acid–base reaction Acid–base titration Dissociation c …49

**Difference engine**— For the novel by William Gibson and Bruce Sterling, see The Difference Engine. The London Science Museum s difference engine, built from Babbage s design. The design has the same precision on all columns, but when calculating converging… …50

**Business operations**— are those ongoing recurring activities involved in the running of a business for the purpose of producing value for the stakeholders. They are contrasted with project management, and consist of business processes.The outcome of business… …